Shoulder and neck pain (described as ‘cervicobrachial pain syndrome’ or ‘trapezius myalgia’) is characterized by muscular pain in the upper trapezius and levator scapulae. It is often related to overhead work activities or prolonged postures and is most often observed in females.
The ratio of UT:LT EMG activation is often elevated due to an overactive upper trapezius. The symptom is described as pain over the upper medial angle of the scapula that radiates into the neck and shoulder.
Shoulder and neck pain are often seen in conjunction with UCS, impingement, and TOS.