Typical Cervical Segments C3-C7: FRS

Flexed, Rotated, and Side-bent Dysfunction

Patient is supine on the table with the operator sitting at the head of the table.

Operator’s index and middle fingers of each hand contact the pillar of the superior vertebra of the motion segment being tested. FRS2

 

 

 

Operator’s palms and thenar eminences control the patient’s head and upper cervical spine.  FRS3

 

 

 

Operator backward-bends the head and neck down to the segment under examination. FRS4

 

 

 

With the palm and thenar eminence controlling the patient’s head and upper cervical, the FRS5operator introduces translation from right to left, sensing for resistance to movement at his index fingers.  If resistance is felt, the motion restriction is to backward-bending, right side-bending, and right rotation (indicating that the segment is flexed, rotated and side-bent left [FRSleft]).  Something has interfered with the capacity of the left facet to close.

With the palm and thenar eminence controlling the patient’s head and upper cervical, the FRS6operator introduces translation from left to right, sensing for resistance to movement at his index fingers.  If resistance is felt, the motion restriction is to backward-bending, left side-bending, and left rotation (indicating that the segment is flexed, rotated, and side-bent right [FRSright]).  Something has interfered with the capacity of the right facet to close.

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