Upper Crossed Syndrome (jw)

UCS

 

Dr. Vladimir Janda (1928)-(2002) simplified assessing commonly occurring upper body postural distortions and problems by defining upper crossed syndrome.  According to Janda, when some muscles are placed under stress they become tight.  These muscles include pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, subscapularis, sternocleidomastoid, anterior scalenes, upper trapezius, levator scapula, and the suboccipitals.

When other upper crossed muscles are placed under the same stress they become weak and inhibited.  These muscles are rhomboids, middle and lower trapezius, infraspinatus, teres minor, and neck flexors.

To alleviate chronic upper body pain patterns, every therapist should attempt to create balance between these two groups, by releasing and stretching the tight muscles to bring the upper body back to postural balance or alignment—and then strengthen the weak, inhibited muscles to maintain this balance.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s